Battery electric, plug-in hybrid and hybrid cars took a record share of production in November, accounting for around a third of all cars made.
According to the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT), battery electric vehicle output, in particular, was up in November by 52.9% to 10,359 units, hitting a new high of 13.7% of all production, more than double the level a year ago.
In addition to this, plug-in and hybrid vehicles also accounted for more than a quarter (25.5%) of vehicles produced in the UK for the year.
These figures come against a backdrop of falling levels of car production in the UK. In November, car production fell -28.7% in November to 75,756 units, making it the fifth consecutive month of decline and represents the worst November performance since 1984 as UK car makers continue to wrestle with the worldwide shortage of semiconductors.
The figures also reflect the loss of output arising from the closure of a UK car factory in the summer, a situation that will impact year-on-year comparisons until July 2022.
In November production for both domestic and overseas markets declined, down -18.8% and -30.4% respectively, as 30,487 fewer cars rolled off factory lines. Exports accounted for more than 80% of all cars produced last month, reinforcing the need for smooth international trade, especially with the EU, as new customs controls with the bloc come into effect on 1 January 2022. Six-in-ten (60.3%) cars shipped overseas in November headed into Europe. Asia, meanwhile, took 15.6% of UK car exports, the US 13.4% and Australia 1.2%.
Year-to-date, UK car plants have turned out 797,261 units, some 432,794 less than pre-pandemic 2019 and 667,441 off the five-year pre-Covid average for the period of 1,464,702 cars.
Mike Hawes, SMMT chief executive, said: “These are incredibly worrying figures, underscoring the severity of situation facing the automotive industry. Covid is impacting supply chains massively, causing global shortages – especially of semiconductors – which is likely to affect the sector throughout next year. With an increasingly negative economic backdrop, rising inflation and Covid resurgent home and abroad, the circumstances are the toughest in decades. With output massively down for the past five months and likely to continue, maintaining cashflow, especially in the supply chain, is of vital importance. We have to look to government to provide support measures in the same way it is recognising other Covid-impacted sectors.
“The industry is as well prepared as it can be for the implementation of full customs controls at UK borders from 1 January but any delays arising from ill-prepared freight or systems will place further stress on businesses that operate ‘just in time’. Should any problems arise, contingency measures must be implemented immediately to keep cross-border trade flowing smoothly.”